Summary:Virtual Trunking Protocol (VTP) is used for connecting within just VLANs. VLANs, quick pertaining to Virtual LANs, are widely-used constantly in place for conventional LANs with regard to ease of maintenance, plus security. The write-up tackles diverse VTP protocols.
Body: Communicating within VLANs: There are generally different protocols designed for communicating in between VLANs. These encapsulation plans will also be known as VLAN trunking protocols. These methodologies are based on Layer 2 in the OSI model.These are: 1. Inter-Switch Link Protocol (ISL)2. IEEE 802.10 Protocol3. IEEE 802.1Q Protocol4. ATM LANE Protocol5. ATM LANE Fast Simple Server Replication Protocol (FSSRP)Inter-Switch Link Protocol (ISL): The ISL protocol is required for you to interconnect two VLAN-capable Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, or maybe Gigabit Ethernet devices. Here, VLAN info can be tagged towards ordinary Ethernet frame. The packets on the ISL link contain a ordinary Ethernet, FDDI, or Token Ring style and also the VLAN information connected with this frame. ISL is usually a Cisco little-known protocol.IEEE 802.10 Protocol: This process provides connectivity in between VLANs. The protocol contains authentication plus encryption processes to ensure record s confidentiality along with integrity. The method keeps going at layer only two involving OSI model, and also consequently guarantees larger efficiency.IEEE 802.1Q Protocol: This method is employed to be able to interconnect many buttons plus routers, and for defining VLAN topologies. IEEE 802.1Q will be sector normal intended for communicating in just VLANs.ATM LANE Emulation Protocol (LANE): Using LANE, you'll be able to advantage from legacy LAN hardware. The LANE standard protocol works about conventional LAN, emulating some sort of broadcast setting such as IEEE802.3. LANE makes. LANE enables normal LAN staff just like NDIS and ODI to be used. Applications incorporate the use of typical LAN capabilities devoid of the root complexities with the ATM implementation. Client work gas stops need LAN Emulation Client intended for going LANE protocol. The changes and also routers should assistance proper LANE functionalities.ATM LANE Fast Simple Server Replication Protocol (FS SRP): Cisco created the ATM LANE Fast Simple Server Replication Protocol (FSSRP). FSSRP provides better system redundancy. If an individual LANE node is inaccessible as a result of every complex reasons, that LANE buyer transparently goes about on the next LANE host and also BUS.Example:Question: Match your trunking methods with respective media:1. Inter Switch Link A. FDDI2. LANE B. Fast Ethernet3. 802.10 C. ATMChoose the proper choice.A. 1-> C, 2->B, 3->AB. 1->B, 2->C, 3->AC. 1->B, 2->A, 3->CD. 1->A, 2->B, 3->CAns: BExplanation: ISL, 802.1Q is also the VLAN trunking methodologies connected to Fast Ethernet. The VLAN trunking method described by simply 802.10 is actually associated along with FDDI. LANE (LAN Emulation) is connected with ATM.
Please go to CCNA Tutorials section for further info about VLANs, along with VTP trunking.
Keywords: vlan, vtp, lan, lane protocol, 802.1q, cisco isl, vlan trunking, vtp trunking